23 – The Enemy of the World

I must begin this review with a frank admission. My original list of classic Doctor Who episodes did not contain either The Web of Fear nor The Enemy of the World, which in the summer of 2013 were still (officially) missing, presumed lost forever. To my very great shame, I concede that not only was The Enemy of the World not high on the list of stories I wanted recovered, I was distinctly underwhelmed when it was announced as one of two lost adventures recovered by Philip Morris in Nigeria. It had simply never registered on my radar.

Nevertheless, I bought the DVD as soon as it came out, wanting to enjoy the same experience that my dad must have enjoyed in 1993 when he bought Tomb of the Cybermen on VHS. I didn’t have high expectations, but was utterly blown away by an acting masterclass from Patrick Troughton, playing not one but two roles in this action packed adventure.

The story itself is entirely straightforward – the TARDIS crew arrive in Australia 2068, only to be attacked by armed security men. Rescued by the glamorous all-action Astrid, they discover that the Doctor strongly resembles Ramon Salamander, prominent leader in the United Zones, and a man determined to seize control of the world. They are reluctantly draw into a scheme to discover how Salamander proposes to take control of the earth, along the way encountering spies, assassinations, blackmail, and a hidden scheme to terrorise the world into submission. Not only must the Doctor stop Salamander, he must discover for himself whom he can, and cannot trust…

Astonishingly, the story plays out beautifully across six episodes, never once dragging, and filled with a stellar supporting cast. Whether it is the ingenious Astrid, the devious Zone Administrator Giles Kent, the gruff Security Chief Donald Bruce, the weaselly Bennick, or even the minor characters like Fariah, Denes, and Fedorin, The Enemy of the World has a richness of thoroughly enjoyable characters, each superbly realised. Even Victoria gets to play a more proactive role compared to her usual task of getting into trouble and screaming – perhaps reflecting that this story is rather unique in Season 5. Rather than being a base-under-siege adventure featuring a ‘Monster of the week’, The Enemy of the World is much more akin to a spy thriller.

But the standout feature of this adventure is the unbelievable performances by Patrick Troughton. Prior to watching this adventure I’d never really understood why certain fans were so enthusiastic about him. Over the two and a half hours of watching this adventure that all changed. Troughton displays the full range of his acting ability in this story, and is delightfully evil in his portrayal of the villainous Salamander. Adding value to every scene he appears in, it is worth having the story just for his performance alone. That the story also happens to be gripping and superbly acted is a wonderful bonus!

One cannot conclude this review however without appreciating that but for Philip Morris reaching the TV station in Jos, we wouldn’t be able to talk about these performances. I had observed in an earlier blog that you cannot judge a missing story by its orphaned episode. This is certainly true of The Enemy of the World. It was not a story anyone would have wanted back ahead of the Cybermen or Dalek adventures. It would have been very difficult to have animated the story and captured the charm of it. And yet it is one of the very best examples of Doctor Who you can enjoy on DVD today. One can only ponder what other adventures might earn a more favourable impression if only they could be recovered!

81eibhxo9ul-_sy445_

The Enemy of the World is well worth investing in – and you can purchase it on Amazon for £7.99

Next Time: The poor Brigadier is reduced to shooting at maggots in Wales …

31 – The Web of Fear

A confession dear readers. When I first compiled my classic Doctor Who countdown list, The Web of Fear was not even on it. It was the summer of 2013, I had almost finished collecting the entire Doctor Who DVD collection, and I ranked only those stories that had I had watched on VHS or DVD (hence The Invasion and The Tenth Planet were included, but The Moonbase was not). That all got knocked for six in October of that year, when we got what was probably the best present to the fans of all in the 50th anniversary year: the return and release of The Enemy of the World and The Web of Fear. Even then, I confess I restrained myself for a while – rumours abounded that the still missing episode 3 of Web had been recovered and would be released with the DVD. We have of course now learned that episode 3 was originally found with the other episodes and taken, but long before then I decided there was no sense in depriving myself of a mostly complete adventure.

This story took a little while to grow on me, but has now become a very firm favourite. Following directly after the preceding The Enemy of the World, it finds the Doctor, Jamie and Victoria drawn to the London Undergound in the 1960s, which is mysteriously deserted save for a military taskforce. It is soon discovered that the city of London is being overrun by two forces – a lethal and impenetrable web that is expanding relentlessly, and an old and familiar foe – the Yeti! It becomes clear that the protagonist of The Abominable Snowmen, the Great Intelligence, has established himself once more on planet Earth, and it falls to the Doctor and his companions to find out what his purpose is, before the city of London is wiped out.

This is a noteworthy tale, even before the remarkable story of its loss and unlikely recovery from Nigeria. Following the popularity of the Yeti in their debut story, the BBC quickly arranged for a follow up adventure to maximise their appeal. While their debut story is still sadly officially missing (though I am hopeful of its return!) we are still able to enjoy their return. The story has a particular significance however for the debut of a character who would become a firm fixture for seasons 7 to 11 – Colonel Alastair Gordon Leighbridge-Stewart. Here only a Colonel, this story would pave the way for the U.N.I.T era, and indeed features the hallmarks that would characterise the Pertwee era – an adventure set on earth, against an invading alien force, with the Doctor working alongside military and scientific groups to repel the invasion. It is a huge pity that Leighbridge-Stewart’s debut episode is the one that was appropriated by the unknown collector, and we can only hope it is not lost beyond all hope.

Even aside of this significance, The Web of Fear is a genuinely good story in its own right. Patrick Troughton is at the height of his powers as the Doctor, ably assisted by Fraser Hines and Deborah Watling. The supporting cast are also superb; a special mention is due to Jack Woolgar portraying the irascible Staff-Sergeant Arnold, but every single actor puts in a first class turn. The production team also manage to deliver a wonderfully claustrophobic and atmospheric story – they reproduced the London Underground so well that the BBC were accused of illegally using the actual Underground lines without permission! As base-under-siege stories go, this one is easily one of the best.

I know several fans were surprised to not enjoy this adventure as much as The Enemy of the World, in part because a mythology had developed around The Web of Fear that simply had not around the preceding adventure. As you will soon read, there are reasons that I still prefer Enemy to Web, but that is no disservice to Web. This is an outstanding adventure from the Troughton era, and a joy to watch even partially incomplete. I can only imagine fans enjoying it even more if episode 3, and indeed The Abominable Snowmen are ever recovered.

91dj7ehbrul-_sy550_

The Web of Fear
is available to buy on DVD on Amazon

Next time: “Grendel? You’ve forgotten your hat!”

Enjoying the #missingepisodes: The Abominable Snowmen

In February 2014 I faced a conundrum. The Moonbase had just been released on DVD with its missing episodes animated, but I could not bring myself to buy it. As I was to explain in this post, at that stage fandom was rife with rumours that almost the entire stock of lost classic Doctor Who had been recovered – what is popularly termed the ‘Omnirumour.’ The rumour refuses to die, but in the very least no Doctor Who fan honestly expects the imminent return of every missing episode.

51bskycec2bl-_sy346_This is now, but back then I was a bit at a loss. I’d been patiently building my DVD collection for eight years, and suddenly there was nothing else. At that stage I was reluctant to invest in audios, for much the same reason that I held off buying The Moonbase on DVD – I didn’t want to pay twice if there was the prospect of the episodes being recovered!

My solution was to take advantage of my shiny new Kindle, and to order up the mostly missing Pat Troughton adventure The Abominable Snowmen. At a very reasonable £3, I thought it would be an excellent foray into experiencing lost adventures through the medium of print, without committing to the potentially painful expenditure involved in audio CDs.

My experience with Doctor Who novelisations has proven something of a mixed bag – I couldn’t enjoy Silver Nemesis as a child because it was too different to the TV script, whereas the novelisations of Attack of the Cybermen and The TV Movie managed to make me enjoy and appreciate both a lot better. So I wasn’t quite sure what to expect when I started into The Abominable Snowmen.

As it is, I enjoyed the adventure so much that I was compelled to blog not long after that the BBC ought to animate the missing episodes! Terrance Dicks is rightly revered in Doctor Who circles as a wonderful story teller, and he tells this lost tale extremely well. While the action of a six part adventure is (of necessity) rather compacted, the story loses none of its charm or excitement.

While it is more accurate to say that The Web of Fear is the sequel to The Abominable Snowmen, featuring the return of Professor Travers, the Yetis, and The Great Intelligence, for fans like myself who never got to see The Abominable Snowmen when first broadcast it is oddly more appropriate to think of this story as the prequel to The Web of Fear – a Great Intelligence origins story if you like! Knowing what was to come did not really ruin the sense of wonder and exploration as Dicks unpacked the script and told the narrative of the Doctor, Jamie and Victoria arriving at Detsen monastery in Tibet. The reader gets caught up in the terror of the Yeti menace, and develops empathy with the monks, and with the strange English adventurer Professor Travers.

Obviously, reading The Abominable Snowmen is no comparison to actually watching the episodes, but given that the prints are not meant to be coming back any time soon (or are they? Read my thoughts HERE ...) I found the novelisati0n a more than worthy substitute. I thoroughly enjoyed reading this story, and enjoyed it so much that I went on to buy the novelisations of The Moonbase and The Crusades. It remains my hope that BBC Worldwide will consider recommissioning eBooks for every missing adventure, enabling those fans born long after the episodes were junked the opportunity to discover these adventures.

The best ever TARDIS crew? It’s almost too close to call …

In my previous post I began to consider what makes for a good TARDIS crew (by which I mean the Doctor traveling with at least two companions) and reduced it down to two candidates for best – the Season 5 crew of the Second Doctor with Victoria and Jamie, and the Season 12 crew of the Fourth Doctor with Sarah-Jane and Harry. So far, we had learned that three was too many for a TARDIS crew, and there was something too unlikeable about the Tegan/Turlough combination to make them endearing to the viewer.

So why do I think the Season 5 and 12 crews are candidates for the best? Well, let’s clear away some pertinent commonalities to begin with – both seasons feature largely excellent stories, so the crew are given strong content to work with. In this regard, the recovery of The Enemy of the World and The Web of Fear are hugely significant, as they have allowed a new generation of fans to appreciate the excellence of Season 5’s stories. Without them, Sarah-Jane and Harry would be the runaway winners of best TARDIS crew.

It’s also abundantly clear that the chemistry between the main actors is excellent. The friendship between Pat, Frazer and Deborah is evident in the way they conduct themselves on set, and the same is true for Tom, Elisabeth and Ian – they make a natural team and it increased the empathy the viewer has for the crew. I would go so far as to say, with each there is the sense that you would want to join as the fourth member of the crew, such is the bonhomie. It could be argued that a similar feelgood factor existed within the U.N.I.T. family – oh for a story that featured the Doctor taking Jo, the Brigadier, Captain Yates and Sergeant Benton on a TARDIS adventure …

A curious commonality is between Jamie and Harry. They’re both quick witted, keen to learn, brave, and immensely likeable  – but also just a little bit daft! I think this helps facilitate good story telling – they’re just silly enough not to be on the same level as the Doctor, but not so silly that you spend all your time rolling your eyes at their stupidity (not thinking of any particular companions …) They play the perfect foil in fact to the Doctor being suitably different, and being apt to get themselves into trouble. Their likeability also cannot be overstated – it’s easy to imagine being friends with both of them and their role as occasional comic relief is equally important for adding fun to their stories.

Intriguingly, the biggest difference is between Sarah-Jane and Victoria. As we well know, Deborah Watling left the series largely because she tired (justifiably) of being asked to look pretty and scream into the camera. In contrast, Elisabeth Sladen built upon the culture change that had been slowly taking place since Deborah left of allowing for a more assertive companion – and was arguably the first to truly break free of the ‘get into trouble and scream’ genre of female companion. Despite this significant difference however, there is the similarity that they are both fond of the Doctor, believe him incapable of looking after himself, and apt to be the voice of reason in the TARDIS trio. It is perhaps fair to say that if we leave background production values (and social attitudes) to one side, each is the product of their background – Victoria had a very comfortable background as a Victorian lady whereas Sarah-Jane is a modern day journalist, used to having to make her own way.

Despite that, both work in a way that Wendy Padbury just didn’t as Zoe. It’s worth considering the Season 6 crew, which is the nearest in common to these two crews across the original 26 seasons. Yes, it is a pertinent fact that Pat and Fraser knew they were leaving the show, which undoubtedly had an impact.  But it seems that the TARDIS crew works best when none of the companions are on the same level as the Doctor – I think largely because we are meant to identify with the companion and experience the show through them. We have greater empathy when Victoria ventures into the Underground tunnels alone to find the Doctor despite her evident fear and reluctance … with Sarah-Jane when she encourages her fellow prisoners to escape. When Zoe uses her mathematical skill to prevent the Cyber-invasion on the other hand … there’s a slight air (rightly or wrongly) of ‘too-clever-by-half.’

There is another TARDIS crew (disputedly given how few stories it featured in) that could have come close to matching the crews above – the short-lived combination of the Fifth Doctor, Nyssa and Tegan. Again, one senses the right combination of good chemistry between the actors, a sensible companion and a brave companion, and not too many companions. Interestingly, Nyssa is definitely a very intelligent companion, but she doesn’t quite jar on the viewer to the same extent that Zoe did, while Tegan (devoid of Adric winding her up) works well as the more brash companion. This combination is let down hugely by two factors – at two and a half stories, they didn’t really have a meaningful run as a TARDIS crew; and (more crucially) the stories involved aren’t the strongest.

But which is the best crew ever? I pondered this as I watched both Season 5 (as much of it as survives) and Season 12, and found it tricky to assess. Every story is exceptionally crafted, and I have huge fondness for both crews – it is very sad that we cannot see what the combination of Jamie and Victoria was like in Evil of the Daleks, The Abominable Snowmen, or Fury from the Deep. I’m tempted to say that even if they were found it would not influence my choice, as we have a pretty good impression of what both crews were like. On balance, at the moment, the Season 12 crew edge it – simply because the chemistry between the three is so good. But it is so close, that if more Season 5 material was recovered, I might just change my mind. It really is that close …

Thinking about TARDIS crews …

The TARDIS hasn’t had a crew for a long time. It has usually had the Doctor plus one companion, but very rarely has it had a crew – by which I mean the Doctor plus at least two companions. Of course, there are two people we can blame for this:

Jon Pertwee, who insisted that he wanted his doctor to be an ‘action’ hero (thus negating the need for an active male companion) and …
Adric, who made the Davison era ‘crowded TARDIS’ experience so miserable that JNT became convinced that Peri was a good step forward (er …)

And yet, I found myself reflecting that some of the episodes I have enjoyed best have been enjoyable principally because of the interaction between the members of the TARDIS crew. And so (tomorrow) I will be facing off the two TARDIS crews that I think are the prime contenders for ‘best TARDIS crew’ – but first I wished to pay tribute to those crews who didn’t make the cut …

We simply cannot know …
Steven and Vicki
Steven and Dodo
Ben and Polly (and Jamie)
Sadly, we just do not know how good these TARDIS crews where (although with Dodo we can begin to make an educated and despairing guess …) I have enjoyed Steven’s performances in every story that has survived featuring him as a main companion (sadly, that’s just The Time Meddler; The Ark and The Gunfighters) and would really enjoy the opportunity to see how he got on with Vicki and Dodo over a longer period. I have a slight suspicion that his three stories with Vicki would far surpass his four stories alongside Dodo.
As I remarked previously in my review of The War Machines, I wish more material of Ben and Polly survived, as they seemed to make for a good team – in the very least alongside William Hartnell’s Doctor. Having now watched The Moonbase DVD release, the jury is out as to whether they made such a good team with Patrick Troughton, especially after Jamie joined the TARDIS crew.
As it is … for these TARDIS crews we simply don’t know …

Please. In the name of Heaven. Stop.
Adric, Nyssa, and Tegan
As the extras feature ‘Crowded TARDIS’ on the Castrovalva DVD points out – this crew was too heavy by one member. In Arc of Infinity we see that Nyssa would have made a great solo companion to the Fifth Doctor. Adric arguably aquits himself quite well in Keeper of Traken, and Tegan was exceptional in Kinda. Which one should have gone? I wouldn’t like to choose, but suffice to say three of them was too many.

Close … but no cigar
Jamie and Zoe
Ian, Barbara and Susan/Vicki
Tegan and Turlough
Firstly (as you have noticed) I am counting Ian and Barbara’s time as one, since Susan and Vicki effectively played the same role in the TARDIS crew. Vicki was probably a more fun companion than Susan, but Susan certainly had more mystery – making them both an even match. Ian and Barbara certainly made for an excellent crew alongside Hartnell’s Doctor – but again there is a sense that they didn’t need a pretty young companion just to get into trouble.
Tegan and Turlough meanwhile are an interesting proposition – right numbers (finally) for the Fifth Doctor, but the chemistry doesn’t quite work. One suspects this is partially because one never quite learns to trust (or love) Turlough, and Tegan’s character was perhaps too abrasive alongside that ambiguous character. Could have worked … not sure it did.
Meanwhile, I have made Jamie and Zoe distinct from Jamie and Victoria. I was struck watching Seasons 5 and 6 that Zoe does make a big difference to the crew – as the Doctor says in The Krotons – “That’s the trouble with Zoe – she’s too smart for her own good.” It made for a jolly crew under Captain Pat … but not quite a happy ship. This is a theme I will revisit in due course …

Which leaves … the contenders

As you have by now deduced, that leaves two contenders – the Season 5 crew of Jamie and Victoria, and the Season 12 crew of Sarah-Jane and Harry. Which one wins? Tune in tomorrow to find out …

(The eagle-eyed will have observed that some ‘crews’ didn’t make the cut. These include Steven and Katarina/Sara; The U.N.I.T family; Romana and Adric; Tegan and Nyssa; Tegan, Nyssa and Turlough; and counting K9 as a crew member. This is principally because the ‘crew’ existed for so short a time that it is hard to count them with the crews above)

Why the BBC should animate … The Abominable Snowmen

My final case for animating the remainder of the missing episodes of Doctor Who takes a different approach to the first two arguments, by focusing on a story that is missing all but one of its episodes – The Abominable Snowmen.

This serial belongs to a select group, which includes Galaxy 4, The Daleks’ Master Plan, The Celestial Toymaker, The Faceless Ones, The Evil of the Daleks, The Wheel in Space, and The Space Pirates. All of these stories have the majority of their episodes missing, and most have only one surviving episode. The phrase ‘orphaned episode’ is most pertinent to this group of stories, where we are able to enjoy a painfully tantalising glimpse of what the full story was like, but the episode is sadly separated from the rest of their family.

In my first two arguments, I sought to demonstrate that you could still recreate the lost episodes to an enjoyable standard even if absolutely no surviving material remained – indeed you could either create a palette that could be reused in other episodes, or use motion capture techniques and physical actors to launch a whole new set of animations. In a strange way, these stories are easier to cater for, because you can hold a steady design standard the whole way through the episode, and it only need remain consistent to the standard the animation team chooses.

The orphaned episodes present a much bigger challenge, because the animators need to account for the inclusion of surviving material, and do so in such a way that it does not jar or seem inconsistent when the action switches to the original 1960s production. This has been an issue in reverse for certain animations released to date – The Reign of Terror for instance felt significantly less smooth compared to The Invasion.

I would contest however that it is precisely that challenge which makes the orphaned episodes a prime candidate for a new wave of animations. If a new animation team can successfully devise an animation style which allows the viewers to enjoy the surviving material without it ‘jarring’ against the style of the animated episodes, it would in turn give the fans confidence that a wholly animated missing story would be worth buying. Let us also embrace the fact that the alternative would be to completely animate these stories, with the orphaned episodes included (at best) as an option instead of the animated version of the episode, or (at worst) a DVD extra. In short, its worth doing.

But why then choose The Abominable Snowman over some of the other stories – perhaps most especially the epic 12 parter that it is The Daleks Master Plan? There are strong arguments in favour of Master Plan – not least that it at least retains 3 full episodes, a full 25% of the story. Against that is that the amount of animation required is colossal and very large for a first project, and that (as I opined in my piece on The Smugglers) it would have to be bundled with the also entirely missing single episode of Mission to the Unknown. Strong candidate though it would be, Master Plan is too large a step for a measure intended to prove this technique is viable.

My choice in essence comes down to two factors – personal taste, and recent enthusiasm. The personal taste stems from the fact that although Evil of the Daleks is the story I would most love to see recovered, I thoroughly enjoyed reading the Target Novelisation of The Abominable Snowmen, and would greatly like to see it released too. The added advantage is that one would be able to watch the first five stories of Season 5 in continuous sequence, and that at 6 episodes rather than 7, it is an easier prospect to animate. As regards my allusions to recent enthusiasm – this is a not very subtle reference to both the recovery of The Web of Fear and the return of the Great Intelligence into recent series of Doctor Who. Both mean that there would be substantial interest in the Great Intelligence debut story – and it might also provide an excuse to re-release The Web of Fear with episode 3 properly animated.

Of all the orphaned episodes, it seems most evident that The Abominable Snowman is the best option to demonstrate that substantial animation can sit alongside solitary episodes without disruption the viewing experience. This would be a bold strategy – but I think it would pay off!

The Missing Episodes Part 3 (c) – The Evil of the Daleks

This is the story that, more than any other, I would most like to see recovered to the BBC archives and released on DVD. Reading the BBC telesnap reconstruction only whetted the appetite to see what this serial would look like as originally presented. It is for one simple reason – the story looks compellingly brilliant.

Picking up after the previous (also missing) story The Faceless Ones, The Doctor and Jamie discover that the TARDIS has been stolen. As the story title makes clear, it is not the work of human agency, but everyone’s favourite interstellar dustbins. The Daleks, holding soon-to-be-companion Victoria as a hostage, coerce the Doctor into identifying ‘the human factor’ – attributes of humanity that make them resistant to the Daleks. The human factor is identified by sending Jamie off to rescue Victoria and identifying the human traits he exhibits in so doing.

Of course it is all a ruse (What? Duplicitous Daleks? Don’t be absurd!) – the Daleks are in fact looking to identify the Dalek Factor – the antithesis of what it means to be human – and then plot to infect mankind with it. The Doctor saves the day by infecting a number of Daleks with the human factor, precipitating a Dalek Civil War, from which the plucky time-travellers escape.

There are so many things to love about this episode. Originally intended as the quite literal ‘final end’ for the Daleks (their creator Terry Nation hoped to launch a Dalek based TV show in the USA) the Civil War, later explored in Revelation of the Daleks and Remembrance of the Daleks, gives a sinister dimension to the Dalek story making it unique in the classic series. Themes like human Daleks have even been picked up in the new series – most obviously in Daleks in Manhattan/Evolution of the Daleks, but more recently still in Into the Dalek. Even the amazing cliffhanger to Episode 5 when the human-factor infected Daleks begin to play a game and the Doctor realises the implications, would be astonishing to experience.

Added to that of course is a plot rich in detail – there is the mad time-travelling scientist Theodore Maxtible and his reluctant partner Edward Waterfield. A worthy side-plot to the Dalek schemes are Maxtible’s efforts to become rich through time travel, and Waterfield’s attempts to be reunited with his daughter Victoria. If Victoria’s poignant remembrance of her father in Tomb of the Cybermen is anything to judge by, Waterfield’s death to save the Doctor’s life, and his plea with his dying breath to look after Victoria must make for truly moving drama. It seems that most wonderful of things – a Doctor Who story where the Doctor is carried by events into the story of others, and strives to bring good.

Sadly of course, this is all supposition. At seven episodes it may be slightly too long. Although it introduces Victoria as a companion, she may not play as much of a role as we would hope. The Dalek Civil War may not even be as exciting as one imagines it in the absence of the film.

Which is why, of all the currently missing episodes of the classic series, The Evil of the Daleks is the one I am most eager to see returned – I do not think it is an exaggeration that I would willingly accept never seeing the other missing episodes so that I could watch this one. Time will of course tell, but if the BBC do track it down and release the story on DVD, I strongly suspect that The Evil of the Daleks would be an immediate contender for my top three. That’s how highly I anticipate it.